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Пред. 06.01.12, 15:33   #28
Дм. Винoxoдов
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God treads lightly: Humanistic ideals in J. R. R. Tolkien's providential world
by Baesler-Ridge, Christopher, M.A., Southern Connecticut State University, 2004, 82 pages

Abstract (Summary)

The world that John Ronald Reuel Tolkien presents to its in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings seems to be a moralistic and providential one, created by a Supreme Being that he identifies in the Silmarillion . However, it is not a Christian world and the "God" figure that Tolkien presents is not represented by a codified belief system or a "church." This thesis examines the three main texts on Middle-earth from the perspective of humanism. Despite the evidence of providence and prophecy, it is clear that Tolkien's characters are allowed to make moral choices, and to accept the consequences of those choices, without the direct intervention of a God or religion dictating behavior. Instead, the characters make these moral choices not to fulfill the will of God but for the good of society and humanity.

Elves, the righteous ringmakers: Taking Tolkien seriously
by Rosa, Adrian Wayne, M.A., Florida Atlantic University, 1990, 76 pages

Abstract (Summary)

Tolkien's trilogy deserves a more serious consideration than many are willing to give. Through Tolkien's fantasy it is possible to discover how we come to know what we know about the metaphysical world so that we can experience the proper cosmic pattern that gives us, as Mircea Eliade writes in Cosmos And History, "the nostalgia for eternity" because its patterns "can never be uprooted: it can only be debased" (122). If we are to understand Tolkien, we must discuss Tolkien's ideas such as power, the nature of good and evil, and free will and individual responsibility. The virtue of the elves becomes the focal point for those ideas since the elves are the structural force that gives the work its power and meaning. To further explain the virtue of the elves, Tolkien plunges into basic human emotions and a symbolic structure that can surmount cultural boundaries. He thus creates a world through the ancient device of exemplifying morals in unfamiliar personalities in order to bring home truths in which modern man can believe.

by WRIGHT, MARJORIE EVELYN, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1960, 196 pages

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